Interview Guide All the resources and steps that we have discussed so far in the sections on career guidance, cover letter, and curriculum vitae are aimed at obtaining a job interview. It is the culmination of the process to get a job.
- 1 Job interview. Interview Guide?
- 2 Types of job interview
- 3 Before the job interview
- 4 During the job interview: development and general advice
You got a job interview, congratulations! Now read carefully the following tips to overcome it successfully. You will also find below the most common questions asked in a job interview, as well as suggestions for suitable answers.
Job interview. Interview Guide?
From the point of view of the company, the main objectives of the job interview are:
- Get direct and authentic information about your professional career and personality. They need to contrast and complete the data of a resume that is already suitable for that job.
- Find out the suitability of your profile to the company and the position offered. It’s about finding out if you have the knowledge, experience, skills, attitudes, and motivation to fit into the company and the position.
From Your point of view, the main objectives of the interview are:
- Get direct and authentic information about the company and the position they offer. You need to contrast and complete the information that you have been able to obtain through the advertisement or other sources.
- Continue in the selection process, that is, demonstrate your suitability for the position. You must demonstrate to the interviewer that you have the knowledge, experience, skills, attitudes, and motivation that the company is looking for for this position.
Types of job interview
We let you know what type of interview you can face and its main characteristics.
- If you come across a call from the company that has applied for a job, they may want to conduct a job interview with you, normally it is a filter for a subsequent personal, online or group interview. This interview of less than 10 minutes, will allow the interviewer to clarify doubts about your resume and request more information that is not found in the CV.
It is a resource that is being used more and more in the selection processes, you have to be prepared, your main drawback to face this interview, will be in what situation you find yourself when you receive the call, you will have to work your voice, since it will be the the only element for which you can be valued. Thus, the interviewer, without having to travel to any of the parties, will be able to find out the ideal candidates for the job.
- It is a direct dialogue between the interviewer and the interviewee. The interviewer leads the conversation and tries to glean as much information as possible from the candidate. He will ask you about your resume, experiences, skills, hobbies and will try to put you in real situations to study your reactions. Sometimes there may be more than one interviewer, in order to have more than one point of view when choosing the final candidate.
In turn, a personal interview can be:
- Structured (directed)
- The interviewer leads the conversation and asks the candidate questions following a questionnaire or script. The interviewer will ask the same questions to all candidates. It is recommended to answer the questions providing the information requested, clearly and briefly.
- Unstructured (free)
- The interviewer will give the initiative to you, and you will have to develop on your own. The interviewer could start with the question, “Tell me about yourself,” and then continue with general questions, which arise as the conversation unfolds.
It is best to start by following the script of your professional history. You can also ask if they are interested in learning about something in particular. Take the opportunity to bring the conversation to the strengths you want to highlight in relation to the position offered.
- Semi-structured (mixed)
- It is a combination of the previous two. The interviewer will use direct questions to obtain precise information about you, and indirect questions to probe you regarding your motivations. Try to follow a discursive order, be concise and try to relate your answers and comments to the demands of the position you are applying for.
- Companies reinvent themselves in many aspects, depending on the situation in which they live, one of them is the way of conducting interviews, for reasons of not being able to travel in person to the location where the interview is carried out, there are companies that have set up a 100% online system, to be able to carry out the selection process , this process is similar to that of a face-to-face personal interview, although it has certain details that differentiate them.
- Group or collective interview (group dynamics)A group of several candidates meets, generally up to 10, and a situation arises to be resolved between the participants. It is a technique to know the skills and personality of a candidate in a work team and in their relationship with others. The evaluator will observe and evaluate aspects such as the degree of participation, leadership and communication skills, initiative, and relationship skills.
It is convenient to participate without monopolizing the discussion or arguing excessively, focus on the issue and listen to other points of view. Before an interview of this type, you must take into account the responses of the other candidates, not criticize the answers and opinions of others, and not feel intimidated by the situation.
Another type is the informal interview, which differs from the personal interview, in the situation in which it is carried out, outside the work environment or environment, be it a bar, park, etc.
Before the job interview
Given the importance of a job interview, it is better not to improvise and go to it with prior preparation to offer the best of yourself.
Therefore, it is advisable if you first rehearse possible questions and look for the best answers for the job interview, this will reduce your nerves, since you put yourself in a situation.A good way to have security before the interview is to perform several actions before to capture the attention of the recruiter.
- Review your resume, in many cases they will begin by checking if what is written is true. You have to be able to convincingly explain each of the points that appear in it.
- Find out as much as possible about the company and the job offered.
Who does it belong to? What sector do you work in? What do you work on? What are your lines of business? What products or services do you sell? In what geographical area? Who are your important customers? Do you have expansion projects? What is your corporate culture and personnel policy (what values do you try to transmit and promote among your employees)?
What position are you trying to fill? What will be its main functions? What professional and personal characteristics should the person who will perform the job possess? Who will you work with?
A series of data that can be obtained through the Internet, from the company’s own website, company stores, commercial brochures, press, friends who know the company well …
If you know more precisely what they are looking for, the better you can tailor your answers and comments to what the interviewer wants to hear. It will allow you to prepare a list of key arguments that you are interested in highlighting.
- Think about the possible questions that the interviewer may ask you during the job interview and try to answer them by offering your best image.
- The interviewer will distrust a person who has no initiative in an interview. It will measure you by your answers but also by your questions.
During the job interview: development and general advice
The job interview itself begins the moment you walk through the door of the company. Observe the work environment (if the interview takes place in the company itself) and relax.
- Greet the person who is interviewing you by name, if known, and thank them for welcoming you, looking them in the eye and shaking hands frankly and confidently. Remember that the first impression is decisive.
Once alone with the interviewer, the interviewer will give a brief summary about the company and the vacant position. Subsequently, the evaluation of your application will begin.
- Evaluation of your candidacy
- You must provide information about the jobs you may have had. The interviewer will be interested in knowing, in addition to the functions you have developed, the knowledge that your work experiences have provided you. Try to talk about achievements and results achieved instead of just describing your functions.
Generally, the interviewer will ask you to reflect on your strengths and weaknesses, in order to establish your degree of knowledge and personal satisfaction, detect your level of sincerity and confidence in yourself.
The interviewer is likely to ask you questions that will allow them to assess your skills. Competences are understood as the set of attitudes (how you are), skills (what you know how to do) and capacities (what you can do) such as your ability to work in a team, your sense of responsibility, your ability to adapt, your initiative or your planning and organization skills. The interviewer will put you in real situations from the past or probable future situations, and will want to know how you reacted or how you would react.
As for your motivation, it is evaluated throughout the job interview, with questions aimed at discovering your professional goals, your availability, your wishes for promotion, your personal hobbies. Sometimes good motivation can compensate for a lack of training or experience.
If you have work experience, you can have a list of references (name and contact information for previous companies) ready to offer to your interviewer, as this can make a big difference.
- Know how to listen
- Actively listen to the interviewer, let him lead the interview, but take advantage of speaking opportunities. The interviewer is the boss, the driver. Don’t offend the interviewer. Right now he has the power.
Based on what the interviewer relates, he breaks down your proposal, to make your speech that allows you to infect him with your values, what needs you can convince and what you can do in the position with your strengths.
- Verbal expression
- When you talk to the interviewer, always do it from yourself until he asks you to tweet him.
Express yourself in a clear, concise and structured way. Don’t speak too fast and try to finish all of your sentences. Do not respond in monosyllables, but do not give unnecessary explanations, or make superficial comments or risky judgments.
Use action verbs. Words such as challenge, experience, future, commitment, objectives, effectiveness, project and responsibility, used correctly and without abuse, have a special force.
Don’t use slang words and try to substitute “buts” for “plus”. If they ask you for IT and English, and you say “but I am a literary and French writer,” you are lost. On the other hand, a “I also have knowledge of French” would give a totally different meaning.
Always speak politely and respectfully about your former jobs, companies, superiors, or colleagues. You should never criticize them. Negative comments can create mistrust in the interviewer, who might think that you are a complicated person.
- Show your strengths
- During the interview you should sell yourself in the best way and highlight your strengths.
Show the interviewer that you are the right person to fill the position by highlighting the aspects of your resume and personality that make you the right person for the position.
In job interviews there are a series of words that, used consistently, have a special force. Identify these words before going to the interview (the company’s ad and corporate culture will give you clues) and be sure to use them throughout the interview.
In other words, you should go to the interview with 2 or 3 points to highlight and do it even if the interviewer does not ask you. Highlight these strengths (this is what the interviewer has to remember) and clarify your weaknesses. It is not the amount of words you say, but the keywords.
- Flip your weak spots
- Be prepared to talk about mistakes or shortcomings on a professional and personal level. To do this, you must identify those facts that may be harmful to you and present them in a positive way, seeking the learning acquired through them or the initiatives that have arisen to solve it.
Are you unemployed? “It is true that I have not worked for a long time, but I have dedicated this time to training in the aspects that I thought were most necessary.”
You are very young? “My age may seem inconvenient, but I can show my desire to learn and work to apply my career knowledge.”
You’re older? “Being older I do not lack the desire to continue learning as if I were twenty years old, whatever the challenge, I will do my best.”
- Body language
- Body language plays a prominent role as it conveys a lot of information about you. The aspects to take into account are:
- Posture : It is advisable to take care of the way you sit. Wait for the interviewer to invite you to sit down and maintain a correct body posture (do not cross your arms, do not lower your head …).
- Gestures and tics : Do not gesticulate in an exaggerated way. Rubbing your hands or scratching your hair more than necessary are some gestures that can arise as a result of nerves. Don’t tap your feet on the ground, or play with nearby objects. Try to keep your feet still and your hands crossed. Don’t look at the clock. A simple gesture can convey more information than you might think.
- The smile : It should be moderate, neither forced nor exaggerated. The most important thing is to maintain a positive attitude towards being part of the company and reflect that predisposition in your facial expression.
- Gaze : It is important to look at the interlocutor, pay attention to him and not seem absent.
Match your verbal expression with your body language: if you are saying that you think you can adequately perform the function, your tone of voice, look and facial expression must be saying the same thing.
- Naturalness, confidence and sincerity
- Give an image of naturalness and confidence in yourself. Be confident when answering the interviewer’s questions, or asking your own, without being naïve or pushy.
When you answer confidently, you can induce confidence in the interviewer. But if you behave in a shy and hesitant way, it is likely that you generate doubts and concern for the interviewer.
It is normal to be a little nervous in a job interview, and the interviewers will understand. But this nervousness cannot annihilate you, nor make the interviewer think that you are lying.
First of all, be yourself. If you are cast, it will be very difficult to play a role every day.
- Voice tone
- Your state of confidence is projected through your tone of voice, thereby establishing the appropriate atmosphere in the interview, inducing a feeling of confidence in the interviewer. You can have perfect answers in an interview, but if the melody of your spoken words is hesitant and shy, the interview can get tough. To achieve a tone of voice that conveys security, it must come from within, you have to have faith in yourself and increase your self-esteem.
- Ask you too. Don’t just answer, ask what you need to know. In Prepare your questions we guide you with the questions that you should or can ask the interviewer.
- A few obvious tips … though
- No fumes.
- No chicle masks.
- Turn off your cell phone before entering the interviewer’s office.
- You don’t feel defensive idly.
- In the first interview, the most important thing is the job you want to access and not the salary, or the vacations and permits. These issues can be discussed in detail in subsequent interviews.
- At the end of the interview
- The interviewer will be in charge of ending the interview. At this point it is advisable not to prolong it unnecessarily.
If they haven’t mentioned anything about the next steps to take, take the initiative, asking them directly: Can you tell me what the next steps in the selection process are?
Before leaving, thank the interviewer for their time and confirm your interest in landing the position. You can also ask him for his business card. This way you will have their data to send them a thank you letter.